University of California, Riverside

Faculty Profile System

Cassandra Guarino

Cassandra Guarino

Professor of Education and Public Policy

Graduate School of Education
2123 Sproul Hall
(951) 827-5992

Research Areas

School and teacher quality, value-added, teacher labor markets, school choice, health and education


  • Ph.D., Economics of Education, Stanford University, 1999
  • A.M., Economics, Stanford University, 1997
  • A.M., Educational Administration and Policy Analysis, Stanford University, 1992
  • B.A., English with Honors, University of California at Berkeley, Phi Beta Kappa


Cassandra Guarino is Professor of Education and Public Policy at the University of California Riverside. She obtained her PhD in the Economics of Education from Stanford University in 1999 with an emphasis on labor economics, and has held prior positions as an economist at the Rand Corporation and on the faculties of Michigan State and Indiana Universities. Her research focuses on teacher quality, teacher labor markets, school choice, and issues in which health and education are linked. Recent work has included several studies related to value-added measures of teacher performance, teacher effectiveness in the early grades, school choice, teacher mobility, and special needs identification. She has led numerous grants from a variety of sponsors, including the Institute of Education Sciences and various state agencies and foundation. She has taught courses in education policy, economics of education, value-added, policy analysis, quantitative research methods, school choice, and microeconomics.

Current Curriculum Vitae


Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles
  • Bargagliotti, A., Gottfried, M., and Guarino, C. (Accepted) Educating the Whole Child:
    Kindergarten Mathematics Instructional Practices and Students’ Academic and Socioemotional
    Development, Teachers College Record.
  • Guarino, C., Maxfield, M., Reckase, M., Thompson, P., and Wooldridge, J. (2015) An Evaluation of Empirical Bayes’ Estimation of Value-Added Teacher Performance Measures, Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 40, 190-222.
  • Guarino, C., Reckase, M., Stacy, B., and Wooldridge, J. (2015) A Comparison of Growth Percentile and Value-Added Models of Teacher Performance, Statistics and Public Policy, 2:1, e1034820, DOI: 10.1080/2330443X.2015.1034820.
  • Guarino, C., Reckase, M., Stacy, B., and Wooldridge, J. (2015) Evaluating Specification Tests in the Context of Value-Added Models of Teacher Performance, Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 8(1), 35-59.
  • Guarino, C., Reckase, and Wooldridge, J. (2015) Policy and Research Challenges of Moving toward Best Practices in Using Student Test Scores to Evaluate Teacher Performance, Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 8(1), 1-7.
  • Guarino, C., Reckase, M., & Wooldridge, J. (2015, Published online November 2014) Can Value-added Measures of Teacher Performance be Trusted? Education Finance and Policy, 10(1), 117-156.
  • Dieterle, S., Guarino, C., Reckase, M., and Wooldridge, J. (2015, Published online July 2014) How do Principals Assign Students to Teachers? Finding Evidence in Administrative Data and the Implications for Value-Added, Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 34(1), 32-58.
  • Zimmer, R. & Guarino, C. (2013) Is There Evidence that Charter Schools Push Out Low-Performing Students? Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 35(4), 461-480.
  • Guarino, C., Dieterle, S., Bargagliotti, A., & Mason, W. (2013)  What can we learn about effective early mathematics teaching? A framework for estimating causal effects using longitudinal survey data. Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness. 6(2), 164-198.
  • Guarino, C. & Tanner, J. (2012) Adequacy, Accountability, Autonomy, and Equity in a Middle Eastern School Reform: The Case of Qatar, International Review of Education, 58(2), 221-245.
  • Guarino, C., Brown, A., & Wyse, A. (2011) Can Districts Keep Good Teachers in the Schools that Need them Most? Economics of Education Review, 30(5), 962-975.
  • Constant, L., Goldman, C., Zellman, G., Augustine, C., Galama, T., Gonzalez, G., Guarino, C., Karam, R., Ryan, G., Salem, H. (2010) Promoting Quality and Variety through the Public Financing of Privately Operated Schools in Qatar. Journal of School Choice. 4(1), 450-473.
  • Guarino, C., Pham, C., Quiter, E. & Escarce, J. (2010) Predictors of Internal Medicine Satisfaction with Teaching by Attendings, Forum for Health Economics & Policy. 13(2), 1-13.
  • Guarino, C., Buddin, R., Pham, C., & Cho, M. (2010)Demographic Factors Associated with the Early Identification of Children with Special Needs, Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 30(3), 162-175.
  • Guarino, C., Santibanez, L., & Daley, G. (2006) Teacher Recruitment and Retention: A Review of the Recent Empirical Literature, Review of Educational Research, 76(2), 173-208.
  • Gates, S., Ringel, J., Santibanez, L., Brown, A., & Guarino, C. (2006) Mobility and Turnover Among School Principals, Economics of Education Review, 25(3), pp. 289-302.
  • Guarino, C., Ko, C., Baker, L., Klein, D., Quiter, E. & Escarce, J. (2006) The Impact of Instructional Practices on Student Satisfaction with Attendings’ Teaching in Internal Medicine Clerkships, Journal of General Internal Medicine, 27(1), 7-12.
  • Guarino, C., Ridgeway, G., Chun, M., & Buddin, R. (2005) Latent Variable Analysis: A New Approach to University Ranking, Higher Education in Europe, 30(2), 147-165.
  • Ko, C., Escarce, J., Baker, L., Sharp, J. & Guarino, C. (2005) Predictors of Surgery Resident Satisfaction with Teaching by Attendings: A National Survey, Annals of Surgery, 241(2), 373-80.
  • Baker, L., Phibbs, C., Guarino, C. & Supina, D. (2004) Within-Year Variation in Hospital Utilization and Its Implication for Hospital Costs, Journal of Health Economics, 23(1), 191-211.
  • Ko, C., Escarce, J., Baker, L., Klein, D. & Guarino, C. (2004) Predictors for Medical Students Entering a General Surgery Residency:  National Survey Results, Surgery, 136(3), 567-572.
  • Guarino, C. & Chambers, J. (2001) The Impact of the Kentucky Education Reform Act on Special Education, Journal of Special Education Leadership, 14(1), 27-32.
  • Bergen, M., Guarino, C., & Jacobs, C. (1996) A Climate Survey for Medical Students:  A Means to Assess Change, Evaluation and the Health Professions, 19(1), 30-47

Peer Reviewed Monographs and Reports
  • Guarino, C., Galama, T., Constant, L, Gonzalez, G., Tanner, J., & Goldman, C. (2009) Developing
    a School Finance System for K-12 Reform in Qatar, MG-839- QATAR, RAND, Santa Monica, CA.

  • Guarino, C., Zimmer, R., Krop, C., & Chau, D. (2005) Nonclassroom-Based Charter Schools in
    California and the Impact of SB 740, MG-323- EDU, RAND, Santa Monica, CA.

  • Guarino, C., Hamilton, L., Lockwood & J.R., Rathbun, A. (2006) Teacher Qualifications,
    Instructional Practices, and Reading and Mathematics Achievement Gains in Kindergartners,
    (NCES2006-031) U.S. Department of Education: National Center for Education Statistics.

  • Guarino, C., Santibanez, L., Daley, G., & Brewer, D. (2004) A Review of the Research
    Teacher Recruitment and Retention, TR-164-EDU, RAND, Santa Monica, CA.

  • Gates, S., Guarino, C., Santibanez, L., Brown A., Chung, C. & Ghosh-Dastidar, B. (2004) Career
    Paths of School Administrators in North Carolina: Insights from an Analysis of State Data, TR-
    129-EDU, RAND, Santa Monica, CA.

  • Zimmer, R., Buddin, R., Chau, D., Gill, B., Guarino, C., Hamilton, L., Krop, C., McCaffrey, D.,
    Sandler, M., & Brewer, D. (2003) Charter School Operations and Performance: Evidence from
    California, MR-1700-EDU, RAND, Santa Monica, CA.

  • Guarino, C. (2003) Staffing in Charter and Conventional Public Schools, Chapter VII in Zimmer et
    al. Charter School Operations and Performance: Evidence from California, MR-1700-EDU,
    RAND, Santa Monica, CA.

  • Guarino, C. & Chau, D. (2003) Special Education in Charter and Conventional Public Schools,
    Chapter VIII in Zimmer et al. Charter School Operations and Performance: Evidence from
    California, MR-1700-EDU, RAND, Santa Monica, CA.

  • Zimmer, R. & Guarino, C. (2003) Conclusions and Implications, Chapter IX in Zimmer et al.
    Charter School Operations and Performance: Evidence from California, MR-1700-EDU, RAND,
    Santa Monica, CA.

  • Carroll, S., Reichardt, R. & Guarino, C. (2000) The Distribution of Teachers among California’s
    School Districts and Schools, MR-1298.0-JIF, RAND, Santa Monica, CA.

  • Guarino, C., Brewer, D. & Hove, A. (2000) Who’s Teaching, and Who Will Teach, Vocational
    Education? RP-901, RAND, Santa Monica CA and National Center for Research in Vocational
    Education, University of California, Berkeley.

  • Bikson, T., Beckett, M., Gates, S., Guarino, C., Ross, K. & Zimmer, R. (2000) The Labor Market
    for Attorneys in the State of California: Past, Present, and Future, MR-1710-UC, RAND, Santa

Books and Invited Book Chapters
  • Guarino, C. (2014) Teacher Effectiveness, in eds. Brewer, D. and Picus, L. Encyclopedia of
    Economics, Education, and Finance. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

  • Zimmer, R., Guarino, C., & Buddin, R. (2010) School Choice: Options and Outcomes. Chapter 3 in
    ed. Wial, H. Urban and Regional Policy and its Effects: Volume III. The Brookings Institution,
    Washington DC.

  • Parrish, T., Chambers, J., & Guarino, C., Eds (1999) Funding Special Education, Nineteenth
    Annual Yearbook of the American Education Finance Association. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin
    Press, Inc.

Non-Peer Reviewed Reports and Technical Assistance
  • Bargagliotti, A., Guarino, C. & Mason, W. (2010) Do first grade teachers engage in effective
    mathematics teaching practices? California Center for Population Research On-line Working Paper
    Series, UCLA
  • Lynn, F., Keesler, V., Diemer, M., Guarino, C., Jones, N., Wang, Q., Wyse, A., Zhou, Y. (2007)
    Beyond Compliance: Descriptive Characteristics of Public School Teachers in Michigan:
    Technical Report No. 1, Michigan State University

  • Guarino, C., Stecher, B., Vuollo, M. & McCaffrey, D. (2007) Feasibility of Evaluating a District-
    wide Intervention on Student Achievement, PM-2223- EDU, RAND, Santa Monica, CA.

  • Wynn, B., Guarino, C., Morse L., & Cho, M. Alternative Ways of Financing Graduate Medical
    Education (2006) RAND, WR-369- ASPE

  • Guarino, C. (2005) Reinterpreting the Skill-biased Technological Change Hypothesis: A Study of
    Technology, Firm Size, and Wage Inequality in the California Hospital Industry, WR-316, RAND,
    Santa Monica, CA.

  • Hamilton, L. & Guarino, C. (2005) Measuring the Practices, Philosophies, and Characteristics of
    Kindergarten Teachers, WR-199- EDU, RAND, Santa Monica, CA.

  • Guarino, C., Chun, M., Buddin, R., Timilsina, A., Cremonini, L., Grammich, C., Das, J., Gates, S.,
    Felder, B., & Jackson, C., (2005) Higher Education Institutions Worldwide Eligible for Qatar
    Scholarships, PM-1754- EDU, RAND, Santa Monica, CA.

Working Papers and Manuscripts in Preparation
  • Stacy, B., Guarino, C., Reckase, M., and Wooldridge, J., (2013) Does the Precision and Stability of
    Value-Added Estimates of Teacher Performance Depend on the Types of Students They Serve?
    IZA Discussion Paper No. 7676.

  • Faculty Service Loads and Gender: Are Women Taking Care of the Academic Family? with
    Borden, V.

  • The State of the Art in the Research on Value-Added Models of Teacher Performance: Taking
    Stock of What We Know and Don’t Know, with Reckase, M., Wooldridge, J., Ham, E., Maxfield,
    M., Stacy, B., Thompson, P., and Vosters, K.

  • Classical Solutions to New Problems: Exploring Measurement Error Corrections in the Context of
    Teacher Value-Added, with Stacy, B., Ham, E.H., Reckase, M., and Wooldridge, J.

  • Precision for Policy: Calculating Standard Errors in Value-Added Models of Teacher Performance,
    with Bibler, A., Reckase, M., Vosters, K., and Wooldridge, J.

  • Understanding and Evaluating SAS® EVAAS® Models for Measuring Teacher Effectiveness, with
    Vosters, K. and Wooldridge, J.

  • An Evaluation of Teacher Value-Added Estimation with Peer Effects, with Thompson, P. and
    Wooldridge, J.


More Information 

General Campus Information

University of California, Riverside
900 University Ave.
Riverside, CA 92521
Tel: (951) 827-1012

Department Information

Graduate School of Education
1207 Sproul Hall

Tel: (951) 827-5234
Fax: (951) 827-3942


Last Modified: 1/3/17